An Introduction To Candlestick Trading for Beginners

A stock chart is a simple chart that has the stock price of a company plotted alongside time. The stock price of a company rises, loses, or trades sideways with each trading session. This change is reflected in a stock chart.

However, in a simple line chart, only the market-closing of each stock is plotted. The market closing is simply the price at which the stock traded in the last transaction for the day. Although this information is useful to track the historical performance of a company, we could certainly benefit from more information about the stock price’s intraday action. This is where candlestick charts have their importance.

Simple line chart of NTC’s stock price.

A candlestick chart gives more information than an ordinary stock chart

A stock has hundreds of transactions in a single day. We can’t track them all as a chart reader. It is also worthless to do that. Rather, if we can know the opening, high, low, and closing of the stock for the day, we get the overall picture.

This is a single candle of a candlestick chart:

Don’t panic. This chart will seem familiar and easy to understand after I explain everything.

The opening price is the price at which the stock opens, i.e. the price at which the first transaction took place for the day. The high is the highest price at which the stock traded and the low is the lowest price. Finally, the closing is the price at which the stock traded in the last transaction for the day. All four values can be represented in a candlestick chart. Reading candlestick charts is simple and fun.

If the stock price loses on a trading day, the closing price will obviously be lower than the market open. This is seen in the candle for that day. Furthermore, the candle is now red to symbolize that the stock has lost for that day.

NTC’s stock movement now shown in candlesticks. One candle is one trading day.

Personally, these are the main reasons I love to read candlestick charts:

a) Like I already said, it gives more information about a stock’s intraday action than a simple line chart.
b) The candles are easy to understand and need very little interpretation. You understand the market trend and psychology immediately after looking at a candlestick chart.
c) Candlestick patterns help investors to predict the next movement. Investing is a game of probability, and the way to keep probability in your favor is to learn to read candlestick patterns.
d) Candlestick patterns have fun, memorable names. The patterns can be identified easily in a candlestick chart.

You will learn about candlestick patterns in the next article. For now, let me just give a brief introduction about candlestick patterns and why they work.

Candlestick Patterns

Technical analysis looks very mathematical. All the trendlines, indicators, fancy terms make it look hard to understand. However, if technical analysis were to be distilled in a few words, it is just a study of investor psychology. Technical analysis is not a scientific field. It is vague, deep, and beautiful, just like art.

All the indicators and charts are studied to gauge market sentiment. Fundamental analysts believe that company fundamentals and profitability drives stock prices. However, technical analysts are of the opinion that company fundamentals do not buy or sell a stock. Investors do. And investors are inherently irrational because they are humans. Greed and fear have a lot of say in a decision that investors make. Thus, the most profitable way is to know what the investors think and capitalize on that information.

Candlestick patterns work for the same reason. We always study candlestick patterns alongside the volume (number of shares traded). The shape and color of the candle gives us the market movement. The volume gives us the strength of that movement, i.e. how many investors brought that change. These two pieces of information is enough to understand where the investors want to take the company’s stock price.

Although we can study candlestick patterns at every instance of a trend, they are most profitable when they tell whether the trend is going to reverse. Thus, reversal patterns are of most importance for an investor.

These are the most important and profitable candlestick patterns:

a) Bullish Reversal Pattern: Three White Soldiers

b) Bullish Reversal Pattern: Morning Star

c) Bullish Reversal Pattern: Bullish Engulfing

d) Bullish Reversal Pattern: Three Outside Up

e) Bullish Reversal Pattern: Bullish Harami

f) Bullish Reversal Pattern: Bullish Hammer

g) Two Special Benefits of Candlestick Patterns: Price Target and Support

h) Special Candlestick Pattern: The Kicker Signal

i) Special Candlestick Pattern: The On Neck Line

j) Special Candlestick Pattern: Meeting Line

k) Special Candlestick Pattern: The In Neck Line

l) Special Candlestick Pattern: Thrusting

m) Special Candlestick Pattern: The Piercing Line

n) Continuation Candlestick Pattern: Separating Line

2 thoughts on “An Introduction To Candlestick Trading for Beginners

  1. Thanks for writing this article. It helped me a lot(a beginner who has no prior knowledge of stock trading) understanding the candlesticks. I was able to understand most of it but few technical aspects were confusing to me because like mentioned I had no idea about stock trading. but thanks to your blogpost I pretty much am reading everything you are writing and I think I can be a bit confident on where to start when it comes to trading. To conclude I am so glad I came across your write-up I don’t feel lost while trading. However, I still have a lot to learn. Since I recently started reading I hope you continue to update your blog posts in the future.

  2. Hi, Sangita.

    Means a lot you said that. Yes, I am continually updating the articles and writing new ones.

    If you want to connect on a more personal level with our community, consider connecting via our Instagram profile, @nepsetrader.

    Keep learning. 🙂

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